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Benedictine Abbey of Miskolctapolca

Walls of a circle-shaped church built in the 11th century were found in front of the cave bath in Miskolctapolca. Historians have been loo King for the monastery of Miskolc clan, whom the city’s name originates from, for more than a hundred years, and which was destroyed in the battles in the 1500s.

Recent excavations have already confirmed that the Benedictine abbey, founded by the Miskolc clan in 12th century in the Tapolca Valley, was built in the proximity of the hot springs that have been used since prehistoric times. Researchers argue that this site was chosen for the construction of the church and not the hilltop, because of the hot springs that had already been used at those times. This choice of location could have been correct in the 12th century, but a later climate change affected adversely the Tapolca Valley. Due to the cooler, rainier weather in the 14th -15th century the groundwater levels rose in the vicinity of the abbey church. The sediment washed off the hills and the rising groundwater level probably rendered the abbey uninhabitable for a time.

The inside of the church was flooded and for the sake of using the buildings the interior was filled with a one meter thick layer of clay in the 15th century to raise the floor level above the groundwater level.

Archaeologists hoped that the original interior of the church could have remained under the clay layer as it was built in the 12th century. When the clay layer was removed the discoveries surpassed any expectation: the inside of the church can be clearly divided into three parts: the nave, the monastic choir and the shrine.

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Új Széchenyi Terv
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A projektek az Európai Unió támogatásával valósulnak meg.
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